After the effects of Indonesia, Merapi volcanoes explosion. How can village locals restart their lives and work to protect themselves from future eruption?
Mount Merapi, (literally Fire Mountain in Indonesian) is an active volcano located on the border between Central Java and Yogyakarta, Indonesia. It is the most active volcano in Indonesia and has erupted regularly since 1548. It is located approximately 28 kilometers north of the large Yogyakarta city, and thousands of people live on the flanks of the volcano, with villages as high as 1,700 meters above sea level.
Volcanic activity comes in many different forms, from trickles of lava to violent explosions that shoot rocks, ash, and gas hundreds of feet into the air can be as powerful and destructive as any nuclear weapon, but all types of volcanic eruptions are dangerous. Fortunately, most volcanoes are carefully monitored, and scientists can usually provide some advance warning before a serious event. That said, if they live near a volcano or get an opportunity to visit one, they are always at risk. As is the case with most natural hazards, however, a little knowledge and preparation can help them escape an eruption alive.
Leave the area promptly if told to do so. They may be ordered to evacuate wherever they happen to be or, in some cases, evacuation may simply be recommended. Either way, get out. In recent eruptions, many people have been killed because they did not heed an evacuation order. Conversely, if they are not instructed to evacuate the area, stay where they are unless they can see immediate danger. Taking to the roads may be more hazardous than staying at home.
Get to high ground. Lava flows is a common in a major eruption. All of these can be deadly, and all of them tend to travel in valleys and low-lying areas. Climb to higher ground, and stay there until you can confirm that the danger has passed.
Avoid breathing poisonous gases. Volcanoes emit a number of deadly gases, and if they are close to one when it erupts, these gases could kill you in less than a minute. Breathe through a respirator, mask, or moist piece of cloth—this will also protect their lungs from clouds of ash—and try to get away from the volcano as quickly as possible. Do not stay low to the ground, as some of the most dangerous gases are heavier than air and accumulate near the ground.
Get and stay inside. Unless they need to evacuate, the safest place they can be is inside a strong structure. Close all the windows and doors to protect themselves from ash and burning cinders.